March MaREI Newsletter Now Available

Catch up with the latest news, blogs, industry features and event reports from MaREI.

April MaREI Newsletter Now Available

 

 

Catch up with the latest news, blogs, industry features and event reports from MaREI. Some highlights of the April Newsletter include:

  • MaREI to coordinate MARINERG-i project
  • MARINET2 Open for Applications
  • Wavepower establish an office in The Entrepreneur Ship
  • MaREI Green Gas Position Paper Launched
  • And lots more…!

Click here for the full newsletter.

Don’t forget to sign up for the newsletter to keep in touch!

MARINET2

MARINET 2 aims to provide greater access to testing infrastructures across Europe, and is driven to improve the quality of testing internationally through standardisation of testing and staff exchange programmes.

SIMCelt

Supporting Implementation of Maritime Spatial Planning in the Celtic Seas (SIMCelt) is a two-year project that aims to enhance cross-border cooperation between Member States on the implementation of the Marine Spatial Planning Directive (MSP).

MARINERG-i

MARINERG-i will produce a scientific and business plan for an integrated European Research Infrastructure, designed to facilitate the future growth and development of the Offshore Renewable Energy sector.

Joseph Coleman on Pint of Science Limerick 2017

Pint of Science Limerick

MaREI researcher, Joseph Coleman, from the University of Limerick, participated in the Pint of Science Limerick event, bringing science and engineering closer to general public.

MaRINET2 1st Access Call Opening 10th April

The EU MaRINET2 initiative first access call is opening on the 10th April, the website www.marinet2.eu will also become live on that date. MaRINET2 is a network of 39 partners, involving research centres and organisations cooperating to progress offshore renewable energy technologies such as wave, tidal and offshore-wind.  It achieves this through marine energy development companies, entrepreneurs, start-ups and researchers with fully-funded access to marine energy experts and advanced test facilities.

 

Save

Jelly Fish - Damien Haberlin

Jellyfish – Indicators of change?

For many years jellyfish were a forgotten component of marine ecosystems, described in a rather derisory way as a “trophic dead end” and therefore not really worthy of consideration. This was quite the fall from grace, considering jellyfish had at one time, occupied the minds of some of history’s most influential naturalists. Charles Darwin, Thomas Huxley and Ernst Haeckel to name just a few were fascinated by these delicate creatures that might help them explain the mysteries of evolution and the radiation of different body forms.

 

 

Top left, Leuckartiara octona; top right, the crystal jelly Aequorea forskalea; bottom right, the compass jelly Chrysaora hysoscella; bottom left, the barrel jelly Rhizostoma octopus.

 

 

In the last 30 years or so, there has been a renaissance of sorts in jellyfish ecology and we now know that they contribute significantly to marine ecosystems. Jellyfish can be voracious predators, consuming a variety of zooplankton including crustaceans, fish eggs and larvae and indeed other jellyfish. In this way, they compete directly with many fish species which rely on the same prey species as jellyfish. When conditions are favourable some species can bloom to enormous densities and come to dominate an ecosystem, significantly reducing the food available for other species. What exactly constitutes favourable conditions is not fully understood and undoubtedly varies from species to species, but jellyfish are well placed to thrive when ecosystems are pushed beyond tipping points. This is perfectly illustrated by events in the Black Sea during the 80s and 90s.

 

Jellyfish 2

Ctenphore species Beroe sp. taken by a diver off the Cork coast.

 

In the early 80s the Black Sea was a heavily populated and overfished body of water. It received catchment waters from a region of unregulated industry and intense agriculture within the former USSR territories, leading to eutrophication. All the bordering countries had competed over the highly prised sardine fishery with little attempt at cross border management of the resource, leading to vast reductions in fish numbers. At some point the ctenophore Mnemiopsis leidyi was accidentally introduced into the Black Sea and was able to thrive; feeding on crustaceans, fish eggs and larvae, the Mnemiopsis population exploded with catastrophic impacts on the fish and zooplankton abundance. Without a natural predator, Mnemiopsis dominated the region and spread into connected water bodies. Ironically, the introduction of another ctenophore Beroe ovata, which preys on other ctenophores, began to control Mnemiopsis abundance to some degree, allowing the ecosystem to partially return to the earlier regime.

 

The events in the Black Sea are complex and teasing them apart in hindsight is difficult, however, they highlight the ability of jellyfish to respond quickly to changes in an ecosystem. They also demonstrate that although the ecosystem changed rapidly, its resilience was probably eroded over a period of decades before being tipped over into a vastly different jellyfish dominated ecosystem.

 

The events in the Black Sea represent something of a worst case scenario and there is little evidence that it has been replicated elsewhere, least of all in the Celtic Sea. However, it does demonstrate that large scale ecosystems can be forced to change, whether that forcing comes from anthropogenic or natural sources. We can use our improving knowledge of jellyfish ecology to look at long-term datasets of jellyfish abundance in the Celtic Sea and try to spot changes in the ecosystem. Some species common in the Celtic Sea have multiple generations in a season and therefore they respond quickly to environmental changes, making them something of a sentinel species. In addition, we will use recent research cruises in the Celtic Sea to investigate the summer jellyfish abundance in the region. While this sampling only gives us a single snapshot in time, that snapshot extends over a large and complex water body with distinct water masses. Analysing the zooplankton community and abundance within these changing water masses can reveal important insights into changing zooplankton ecology.

 

Surface temperature during July 2015, with total jellyfish per cubic metre sampled at each station, showing the heterogeneous distribution of jelly fish across the area sampled.

 

Damien Haberlin is a PhD Researcher with the Centre for Marine and Renewable Energy (MaREI) based in University College Cork.

Daniel Toal

Robotics in Space, Underwater, Industry and the Law

MMRRC’s deirector and MaREI Co-PI, gave a talk on the Engineers Ireland event, jointly organised by Engineers Ireland, Mechanical and Manufacturing Division, and Institution of Mechanical Engineers.

MaREI Researchers visiting University of Zagreb

MaREI Researchers from UL, Daniel Toal and Edin Omerdic, gave a talk at the University of Zagreb, under the EXCELLABUST project

San Marcos project meeting

The Spanish Armada Heritage Project Meeting at UL

The MMRRC team hosted a meeting to discuss the San Marcos Project, focused on the Spanish Armada shipwrecks.

Wavepower Technologies Opens R&D Centre In Cork Creating 10 New Jobs

UK Company, Wavepower Technologies, opens new office at The Entrepreneur Ship (MaREI) Cork.

Drone & Tech Expo Ireland

Drone & Tech Expo Ireland

Drone & Tech Expo Ireland took place in Dublin this weekend, 10-12 March 2017. We have enjoyed discussing drones with both professionals and general public.

Dingle IOThon

Dingle IOThon

MMRRC researchers participated in the Dingle IOThon event, focused on exploring the challenges and opportunities of the Internet of Things (IOT).

MaREI to Coordinate €2m EU Project Marinerg-i

Distributed Testing Infrastructures United To Create An Integrated Centre For Delivering Offshore Renewable Energy

MaREI Green Gas Position Paper Launched

MaREI have released a new position paper outlining the benefits and prospects of Green Gas. Find out more here.

EODAT

The ESA-funded Earth Observation Uptake in Developing Countries (EODAT) project is demonstrating the capability for EO data to be harnessed in providing high quality geo-information services which align with ESA, World Bank, and Inter-American Development Bank priorities.

BIM – Acoustic Device Development

SEAI – Tupperwave

UCC Alumni launches new book on Marine Geomorphology

UCC Alumni Darius Bartlett launches new book in the UCC ERI Beaufort Building: ‘Geoinformatics for Marine and Coastal Management’

Opportunities For Ireland In A Low Carbon Economy – Our 2050

Our 2050 – Opportunities for Ireland In A Low Carbon Economy builds an ambitious new strand of research expertise in Ireland on the economic opportunities arising from the transition to a low carbon economy.

MaREI researcher on North South Atlantic Training Transect 2016

MaREI’s Abi Cronin was amongst twenty-five researchers chosen from a pool of five-hundred to take part in the North South Atlantic Training Transect (NoSoAT) 2016. Here she gives us a brief account of her experience…

nosoat

On the 10th of December applicants from eighteen different countries travelled to Bremerhaven to participate in the opportunity to train in marine research on board a German research vessel. The overall goal of the program is to allow early career professionals to learn more about practical marine science and it’s link to climate change. The educational program focused on different topics including oceanography, remote sensing, ocean law, the ocean’s role in climate change, and scientific art. We were rocked to sleep every night for one month on board the RV Polarstern travelling from Bremerhaven to Capetown, with a brief stop off in Las Palmas.

The multidisciplinary approach allowed for a rich array of weather, climate, atmosphere and ocean research and measurements. This encouraged us to build a network of contacts from several different backgrounds. Various social nights were held to encourage this networking, including a BBQ as a reward for making it through the equator baptism, where we were put through our paces in the name of King Neptune.

nosoat-3 nosoat-2

Participants measured ocean temperature, salinity, oxygen, chlorophyll and pH using an XBT (Expendable Bathythermograph), CTD (Conductivity, Temperature and Depth), UCTD (Underway CTD) and various lab analyses including flow cytometry. This enabled us to gain skills in offshore data collection with instruments a lot of us previously had no experience using.

water-masses

By mapping our measurements along the north-south transect of the Eastern Atlantic we could identify water masses by their characteristic temperatures and salinity. Below we can see three water masses identified along the transect, these include the Mediterranean Outflow Waters (MOW), the Antarctic Intermediate Waters (AAIW), and the North Atlantic Deep Waters (NADW).

This research is key to observing the ocean and atmosphere’s role in climate variations, it allows us to explain weather patterns and build more accurate predictive models. Ultimately, this research helps us to understand climate change.

I would like to thank all the sponsors of the NoSoAT Program for giving me this opportunity of a lifetime. I thoroughly enjoyed the experience, and it has fuelled my ambition to investigate the oceans through offshore measurements.

picture1

About the Author:

Abi is a Research Assistant in the Earth Observation Group of MaREI. She graduated from UCC with a MSc in Coastal and Marine Management in February 2016, and joined the MaREI team the same month. At the moment, Abi is working on the ESA funded CINMarS and EODAT projects, as well as the H2020 funded Co-ReSyF project. She is extremely interested in offshore measurements and data.

For more information on Abi, please see her UCC research profile

MaREI to lead €10.5m EU marine renewable energy project

The EU MaRINET2 initiative aims to accelerate the development of offshore renewable energy technologies and infrastructure…

MaREI’s Tony Lewis honoured with distinguished award

French Ambassador Honours ‘Father of Ocean Energy’ Professor Tony Lewis with Chevalier des Palmes Académiques…

MRIA Forum

MaREI will be at the 8th Annual MRIA Ocean Energy Forum on Feb 3rd, showcasing the latest research and case studies of collaboration with industry partners.

Comanche ROV

MMRRC at UL purchased a new Remotely Operated Vehicle under the MaREI SFI grant

MMRRC at UL, has purchased a new ROV, and associated launch and recovery systems, under a MaREI SFI infrastructure grant.

MaREI researchers amongst those most cited worldwide

MaREI director Professor Jerry Murphy and researcher Prof Henry Curran were ranked amongst the most cited researchers worldwide according to ShanghaiRanking’s Global Ranking of Academic Subjects 2016…

MaREI Researcher Author on New Publication on Marine Spatial Planning for Fisheries & Aquaculture

Anne Marie O’Hagan is one of the authors of a new publication on MSP for enhanced fisheries & aquaculture sustainability in the Near East

Floating wind turbine undergoes extreme testing in Irelands’ National Ocean Test Facility

Floating wind turbine undergoes extreme testing in Irelands’ National Ocean Test Facility

UCC’s Environmental Research Institute engages with climate change NGOs on future energy modelling scenarios

Non-governmental organisations visit UCC’s ERI recently for a stakeholder engagement event on climate change

2017 Maynooth Wave Energy Workshop

A wave energy workshop will be held in the Glenroyal Hotel, Maynooth on Friday the 20th of January, 2017

International Energy Conference in Ireland Walks the Walk on Climate Action

The first week of June in 2016 bore witness to the 35th annual International Energy Workshop (IEW) hosted in Ireland’s own University College Cork.

Launch of Strategic Roadmap for Ocean Energy

The ‘Ocean Energy Strategic Roadmap’, produced by the Ocean Energy Forum, was recently launched to identify the challenges facing the sector on its path to commercial readiness and to identify solutions to overcome them.

Different Perspectives on the Energy Transition

The Environmental Research Institute hosted a joint seminar with the University of FH Burgenland, Austria on Friday, November 4th on Different Perspectives on the Energy Transition.

Carbon tax and Budget 2017

Professor Brian Ó Gallachóir examines how the Government could demonstrate a commitment to climate action and have more money to spend on budget day.

Wave Energy MaREI

Multi-Million Euro Ocean Energy Project Coordinated By MaREI Researchers At UCC

MaREI announces the kick-off of a multi-million euro technology development project funded by the EU’s Horizon 2020 Programme…

TG4 interviews MaREI Researcher at Cork Science Festival

MaREI researchers took part in the Celebrate Science Open Day at UCC on Sunday Nov 13th as part of the Cork Science Festival…

CREDENCE Project Funding Announcement at SFI Science Summit

Science Foundation Ireland and the National Science Foundation in the US announced an award of €2m in funding for a renewable energy research project that will be undertaken by MaREI…

TAOIDE

The TAOIDE project will develop a fully-integrated generator to grid energy delivery system with high reliability and availability, suitable for use in multiple architectures of marine renewable energy systems.

MaREI at family events during Cork Science Festival

Its that time again, Cork Science Festival returns. This year is bigger and better than ever, with MaREI involved in two day events, suitable for all the family…

Cork Climathon 2016 Launched

The ERI and Energy Cork have launched the 2016 Cork Climathon to take place on the 28th October in Cork.

Oceantec WEC heads to bimep

Oceantec wave energy converter is en route to the Biscay Marine Energy Platform (bimep) for the upcoming testing campaign.

EPHEMARE

EPHERMARE aims to investigate the toxic effects of microplastics on marine organisms which are currently unclear and require further research.

OceanEd to provide courses to the Marine Renewable Energy Industry

MaREI will host two free Ocean Energy courses for the Marine Renewable Energy industry on October 17th and November 14th 2016…

Build2Spec

Built2Spec project will deliver new breakthrough technological advances through the development of new and innovative on-site quality assurance tools.

IEA Bioenergy International Webinar Series (June 2nd, 2016)

MaREI’s Interim Director, Prof. Jerry D. Murphy, currently sits as the Task Leader for IEA Bioenergy Task 37, and will present a webinar entitled ‘Green Gas’ on Thursday, June 2nd, 2016.

International Energy Workshop at UCC (June 1st, 2016)

MaREI researchers at the Environmental Research Institute, University College Cork, have been involved in organising the 35th International Energy Workshop, which will take place at UCC on June 1st-3rd.

MaREI and MARINET Represented at ICOE 2016 (23rd-25th February, 2016)

MAREI and MARINET are delighted to support the 6th International Conference on Ocean Energy 2016 (ICOE 2016), held from 23rd-25th February at the EICC Edinburgh.

MaREI Signs MOU with Zhejiang University (July 22nd, 2015)

A delegation from the prestigious Zhejiang University, which included their Vice President and Director of the Institute for Thermal Energy, visited MaREI’s new headquarters at the Beaufort Building…

Climate Adaptation Workshops

The Centre for Marine and Renewable Energy are running a series of regional adaptation training workshops in September and October for Local Authority staff…

SeaFest 2015 (July 10th-11th, 2015)

Join MaREI for free family fun and festivities at SeaFest, Ireland’s national maritime festival!

MaREI students win awards at Civil Engineering Research Conference

MaREI students win awards at the Civil Engineering Research in Ireland 2016 (CERI2016) hosted at NUI Galway…

MaREI scientist travels to the Arctic to monitor sea bird colonies

Seabird colonies extending from Ireland’s Skellig Michael up to the Arctic are being monitored with time-lapse cameras as part of an international project on climate change.

5 Questions on Climate Change

Professor John Sodeau discusses climate change and what Ireland can do to play its part in the fight against the phenomenon termed global warming…

Comparison of piezoelectric materials for energy harvesting from civil infrastructure elements for use in health monitoring

Authors: P Cahill, V Pakrashi, N Jackson, A Mathewson; Publication: Life-Cycle of Structural Systems: Design, Assessment, Maintenance and Management; Research Area: Materials & Structures

MaREI’s Prof. Tony Lewis Honoured at Symposium (March 1st, 2016)

Global leaders in the field of marine renewable energy were in Cork on February 29th and March 1st to attend a 2-day symposium in honour of the ‘father of ocean energy’, MaREI’s Prof. Tony Lewis.

NTR Foundation and MaREI to Collaborate on Low-Carbon Opportunities (April 5th, 2016)

MaREI has secured €750,000 in philanthropic funding from the NTR Foundation to facilitate research on opportunities presented by transitioning to a low-carbon economy.

MaREI Researchers Guide Local Authorities’ Climate Adaptation Plans

The Environmental Protection Agency launched the publication of Guidelines for Planning for Climate Change adaptation for Local Authorities on May 26th.

Commissioning of Wave Tanks

The largest wave tank at the Lir National Ocean Test Facility was commissioned for operational use on Monday, April 25th. It was the first time that a 1 m high wave was generated in the tank.

eSurge

The eSurge project, funded by the European Space Agency, aims to increase the usage of satellite Earth Observation data in storm surge modelling and forecasting, by making it easier for the community to access and use this data.

CINMarS

CINMarS aims to identify mechanisms that underpin a strategy for developing stronger links and alliances between the space and maritime sectors.

MINATURA

The overall objective of MINATURA2020 is to develop a concept and methodology for the definition and subsequent protection of mineral deposits of public importance in order to ensure their best use in the future in order to be included in a harmonised European regulatory/guidance/policy framework.

SAFI

SAFI is leading to the development and evaluation of an integrated web-GiS-based Decision Support Service, disseminating the EO-derived ecological indicators to the various users concerned.

Beaufort Building to Officially Open (July 3rd, 2015)

MaREI’s new headquarters at University College Cork’s (UCC) Beaufort Building in Ringaskiddy, Co. Cork, will officially open on the 11th July 2015…

Discover Oceans of Energy

The MaREI Centre for Marine and Renewable Energy hosted a festival ‘discovery day’ event on Sunday, June 5th as part of the Cork Harbour Open Festival…

DTOcean

The TIDES project will deliver one of the first tidal energy farms, located 2km off the Co. Antrim coast of Northern Ireland.

COMMON SENSE

COMMON SENSE is a project that supports the implementation of European Union marine policies such as the Marine Strategy Framework Directive and the CFP.

TIDES

The TIDES project will deliver one of the first tidal energy farms, located 2km off the Co. Antrim coast of Northern Ireland.

LEANWIND

LEANWIND addresses industry challenges delivering deployment, operations and maintenance and decommissioning of large-scale offshore wind farms.

MINATURA

The objective of MINATURA2020 is to develop a concept and methodology for the definition mineral deposits of public importance to ensure their best use.

ATLAS

ATLAS creates a dynamic new partnership between multinational industries, SMEs, governments and academia to assess the Atlantic’s deep-sea ecosystems and Marine Genetic Resources to create the integrated and adaptive planning products needed for sustainable Blue Growth.

AQUACROSS

AQUACROSS supports EU efforts to enhance the resilience and stop the loss of biodiversity of aquatic ecosystems and future aquatic ecosystem services.

FloTEC

The FloTEC project will demonstrate the potential for floating tidal stream turbines to provide low-cost, high-value energy to the European grid mix.

EXCELLABUST

EXCELLABUST will significantly strengthen marine robotics research by addressing networking gaps and deficiencies that exist between key organisations at the EU level.

Co-ReSyF

Co-ReSyF is a strategic initiative funded by the European Commission, aiming to support the development of coastal research though satellite data.

AWESCO

AWESCO is a training network that combines interdisciplinary academic and industrial network partners all of whom are experts in Airborne Wind Energy.

RICORE

RiCORE aims to establish a risk-based approach to consenting based on environmental sensitivity, the technology’s risk profile and the scale of the project.

MARIBE

MARIBE aims to identify opportunities for Blue Growth sectors to combine with other sectors via multi-use of space or in multi-use platforms (MUPs) and assist in the development of the most promising projects within these combinations.

AquaSpace

AquaSpace aims to provide increased space for aquaculture production by identifying and attempting to overcome key constraints limiting the industry’s development using an ecosystem approach leading to a sustainable increase in EU aquaculture, while maintaining environmental quality.

BRIDGE SMS

BRIDGE SMS is a software application that empowers engineers and key personnel to predict, identify and prepare for potentially destructive flood events.

NUIG hosts MaREI Symposium on Marine and Renewable Energy

Experts from across Ireland gathered at NUI Galway in May for a symposium on ‘Research, Development and Innovation in Marine and Renewable Energy in Ireland’. The symposium was hosted by MaREI, Ireland’s Centre for Marine and Renewable Energy.

The demand for energy is growing relentlessly with the pressures of population growth and improved living standards. With a sea to land ratio of over 10:1, Ireland is ideally placed to address this challenge through our marine and renewable energy resources.

The main scientific, technical and socio-economic challenges across the marine and energy spaces were discussed at the event. It provides an opportunity for researchers to disseminate their research, identify further opportunities for collaboration and discuss the future direction of marine and renewable energy in Ireland.

Professor Jerry Murphy, interim director of MaREI, said MaREI’s strategy is aligned to national priorities and international roadmaps in marine and renewable energy and Ireland’s transition to a low carbon energy future.

“MaREI research achieves high impact by ensuring relevance and accessibility to academia, industry and policy makers. One of MaREI’s great strengths is its multidisciplinary approach to research and its engagement with stakeholders. By working collaboratively across all MaREI’s six institutions and with its 46 industry partners, it is possible to assemble the skill sets needed for impactful research,” he said.

“The investment in world-class research facilities in Ireland for ocean energy is hugely important to bringing technology to market and helping Ireland to develop an export market for Ocean Energy Technologies,” said Dr Jamie Goggins, chairperson of the symposium and senior lecturer at NUI Galway.

“The recent State investment in the full scale structural testing facility for tidal turbine blades here at NUI Galway along with the one-quarter scale ocean energy test site and Ocean Observatory in Galway Bay position Ireland at the forefront of testing and development of ocean energy devices,” he added.

MaREI’s industry-led research programme provides innovative solutions that reduce the time to market, and reduce costs to a competitive level.

The Centre has built upon the excellent track record of well-established marine and energy-based research groups across each of its academic partners, covering a wide range of cross-cutting topics across these spaces, including device design and modelling, energy conversion and storage, novel materials and structural testing, operations and decision support, energy policy and modelling, and environmental monitoring.

MaREI is coordinated by the Environmental Research Institute (ERI) at University College Cork and has 130 researchers working across six academic institutions collaborating with over 45 industry partners.

MARINCOMP

“Novel Composite Materials and Processes for Offshore Renewable Energy” (MARINCOMP) (Grant no: 612531) is a European Commission, Marie Curie 7th Framework Programme funded Project.

MaREI Awarded Over €4m in SFI Infrastructure Funding

MaREI have been awarded over €4m in grants for research equipment and facilities from the SFI Infrastructure fund for an Open Ocean Emulator (OOE) at UCC and a Marine Renewable Energy Remotely Operated Vehicle (MRE-ROV) at UL. This infrastructure funding was awarded competitively following rigorous international review to research groups where the research equipment and facilities are required to address major research opportunities and challenges including partnerships with industry.

The Open Ocean Emulator integrates test tank developments, state-of-the-art instrumentation and electrical infrastructure such that to create the most advanced small scale model testing capability worldwide. It will complement existing facilities at the Lir Ocean Test Facility at the UCC Beaufort Building in Ringaskiddy and enhance Irelands R&D capacity. The OOE will accurately replicate real ocean wave conditions in a laboratory setting and in combination with the use of advanced instrumentation will improve our understanding on how marine structures, such as wave energy converters, floating wind turbines and tidal energy devices, behave. This advanced testing capability will accelerate the path from technology design to real-world applications and contribute to the growth and sustainability of the offshore renewable energy industry in Ireland.

The MaREI team at UL were awarded close to €2M in funding for an MRE-ROV, a key piece of support infrastructure for the development and testing of wave and tidal energy converters and for research and development of technologies for inspection, repair and maintenance of MRE infrastructure in the challenging high energy off shore conditions at MRE farms.

MaREI Phd student wins Eirgrid Sustainable Energy Prize

MaREI PhD student Xiufeng Yue has been named UCC’s top Masters graduate in Sustainable Energy by EirGrid…

UCC to host EWTEC 2017

The European Wave and Energy Tidal Conference (EWTEC) 2017 will be held at University College Cork, Ireland from 27th August…

The Underwater Battle of the Robots

The Irish Naval Service were announced as the winning team of the IMERC Mechathon which took place in the Lir National Ocean Test Facility in the MaREI Centre for Marine and Renewable Energy…