One of the main goals of the Paris Climate Agreement is to limit the increase of the global average temperature to 1.5°C. To achieve this we need to radically decarbonise tomorrow’s energy system and produce more clean renewable electricity across the globe. As scientists, we do not yet fully understand how future power systems will be able to absorb extremely high levels of variable renewable electricity. In this project, we will assess the potential for global transnational grids (underwater power cables linking continental power systems) to allow global power systems to absorb and share renewable generation across continents. This research has a high societal and environmental impact with potential for global collaboration with international centres of excellence on climate change.
This project will outline the impacts that radical decarbonisation of electricity supply will have on the future global power system and will provide critical insights into how the concept of global transnational grids can help achieve the grand challenge of stabilizing global temperatures below 1.5˚C in an economically, as well as technically feasible manner.
Wp1-year 1: data procurement
Wp2- year 2: global model development and testing
Wp3-year 3-4: global model application to global transnational grids
Wp4 year 1-4: communications and outreach
Brinkerink M, Gallachóir BÓ, Deane P (2019). A comprehensive review on the benefits and challenges of global power grids and intercontinental interconnectors. Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews 107: doi: 10.1016/j.rser.2019.03.003
Deane P, Brinkerink M (2020). Connecting the continents—A global power grid. IEEE Power and Energy Magazine 18: 121-127. doi: 10.1109/MPE.2020.2974610
Brinkerink M, Deane P, Collins S, et al (2018). Developing a global interconnected power system model. Global Energy Interconnection 1: 330–343. doi: 10.14171/j.2096-5117.gei.2018.03.004
2019, Irish scientists develop new global emissions computer model, greennews.ie.
2019, Researchers develop model to map global power plant emissions, Power Engineering International.