Work Package 1
Work Package 2
Work Package 3
Work Package 4
CREDENCE explores two key dimensions of the shift to a renewable based energy system, namely to what extent will energy systems be electrified (exploring how much of our future heat and transport energy needs will be met with electricity as opposed to other options, i.e. renewable heat and transport) and what are the optimal levels of decentralization for future energy systems? In addition to exploring optimal levels of electrification and decentralization, the project also investigates how communication technologies and socio-economics can enable the transition towards these optimum levels.
Goals and Objectives
- Develop the communication standards for devices to be integrated into devices and systems that will be relied upon for carbon reduction from the energy
- Assess the impact of the trends of electrification and decentralization on the power system and discover whether there are optimum levels of decentralization and electrification in order to achieve certain carbon reduction goals, driving appropriate policy
- Understand and develop the socio-economic mechanisms for migrating to those optimal levels of electrification and decentralization
Work Package 1: The goal of this work package is to develop a multi-level Distributed State Awareness Architecture using metadata. Metadata will give meaning as to the system’s ability to be stable, vulnerable and recoverable.
Work Package 2: The goals and objectives of this work package are to investigate the impacts of varying levels of decentralization, compared against additional interconnection from a cost perspective, and the power system impacts of decentralization. Investigation will also include development of new methods that will be needed in order to control the widely distributed generation resources.
Work Package 3: The goals and objectives of this work package are concerned with the role and extent of electrification in decarbonizing the energy systems with a particular focus on heat and transport. The power system is decarbonizing more quickly than either heat and transport and this suggests that electrification of heat and transport may be a sensible strategy to pursue
Work Package 4: This work package has two objectives. First, it will investigate how consumer behavior will affect the adoption and use of new technologies related to the electrification and decentralization of the electricity system. Second, these insights will be important for developing incentive schemes fostering technology adoption and for developing market mechanisms and tariffs ensuring that adopted technologies are used in a desirable way.
MaREI are leading the energy systems modelling efforts and socio-economic aspects, FREEDM brings expertise on distributed energy management solutions and systems-level theory, modelling and control, and EPIC-QUB are leading the communication-centered activities. In addition, the project draws on industry support from EirGrid, Ervia, ESB, ABB, Glen Dimplex, NIE, EPRI, AES, Duke Energy, who are providing data, provision of expert advice and hosting graduate students.
Peer Reviewed Journal Papers.
- Zhao; D. M. Laverty (QUB); A. McKernan; D. J. Morrow(QUB); K. McLaughlin; S. Sezer, “GPS-Disciplined Analog-to-Digital Converter for Phasor Measurement Applications,” in IEEE Transactions on Instrumentation and Measurement , vol.PP, no.99, pp.1-9
- Mousa Marzband (MaREI), Masoumeh Javadi, S. Ali Pourmousavi, Gordon Lightbody (MaREI), 2017. “An advanced retail electricity market for active distribution systems and home microgrid interoperability based on game theory”, Electric Power Systems Research, 157, pp. 187-199.
- Bertsch, V. (MaREI/ESRI), Hyland, M. & Mahony, M. (2017) “What drives people’s opinions of electricity infrastructure? Empirical evidence from Ireland”, Energy Policy, 106, pp. 472-497.
- Hyland, M. & Bertsch, V. (MaREI/ESRI) (2018). “The role of community involvement mechanisms in reducing resistance to energy infrastructure development”. Ecological Economics, 146, pp. 447–474.
- Hanley E.S (MaREI), Deane J.P. (MaREI), Ó Gallachóir B. (MaREI), 2018 “The Role of Hydrogen in Low Carbon Energy Futures-A Review of Existing Perspectives. Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews 82 pp. 3027-3045
- Papari, B. (FREEDM), Edrington, C.S. (FREEDM), Vu, T.V. and Diaz-Franco, F., 2017, June. “A heuristic method for optimal energy management of DC microgrid”. In DC Microgrids (ICDCM), 2017 IEEE 2nd International Conference on (pp. 337-343). IEEE.
- Vu, T.V., Perkins, D., Papari, B. (FREEDM), Vahedi, H. (FREEDM) and Edrington, C.S. (FREEDM), 2017. “Distributed adaptive control design for cluster of converters in DC distribution systems”. In DC Microgrids (ICDCM), 2017 IEEE Second International Conference on (pp. 197-201). IEEE.
- Papari, B. (FREEDM), Edrington, C.S. (FREEDM) and Vu, T., 2017. “Stochastic Operation of Interconnected Microgrids”. IEEE Power and Energy Society (PES).
- Papari, B. (FREEDM), Edrington, C.S. (FREEDM), Bhattacharya, I. and Radman, G., 2017. “Effective Energy Management of Hybrid AC-DC Microgrids with Storage Devices”. IEEE Transactions on Smart Grid.
- Hastings, J.C., Laverty, D.M. (QUB), Morrow, D.J. (QUB). “A Converged Approach to Physical-Layer Communications in Supporting Domestic-Level Automated Demand-Response Systems utilizing” ISO/IEC 20922. IEEE/PES General Meeting, Portland, Oregon, USA, 5th -10th August 2018.
- Boyle, J., Tim Littler, T.B., Foley, A. (QUB). “A Review of Frequency Stability Services for Grid Balancing with Wind Generation”. In Proc. The 14th International Conference on Developments in Power System Protection (DPSP 2018), Belfast, UK.
- Shahab Dehghan, Meysam Khojasteh, Mousa Marzband (MaREI), Gordon Lightbody (MaREI), “Optimal Energy Providing Strategy of Micro-grid’s Operator based on a Game Theoretical Approach”, accepted for 5th International Conference on Control, Decision and Information Technologies, Greece, 2018
Co-authored papers in the peer review process.
- Laura Mehigan (MaREI), Paul Deane(MaREI), Valentin Bertsch(MaREI/ESRI), Brian O Gallachoir (MaREI) “A Review of the Role of Distributed Generation in Future Electricity Systems”. Submitted to ‘Energy’ journal.
- Mousa Marzband (MaREI), Mohammad Hossein Fouladfar, Mudathir Funsho Akorede, Gordon Lightbody (MaREI) and Edris Pouresmaeil. “Framework for Smart Transactive Energy in Home-Microgrids Considering Coalition Formation and Demand Side Management”. Submitted to the Elsevier journal, Sustainable Cities and Society. Resubmitted Jan. 2018. (IF 1.777)
- Mousa Marzband (MaREI), Fatemeh Azarinejadian, Edris Pouresmaeil, Mehdi Savaghebi, Josep M. Guerrero and Gordon Lightbody (MaREI). “Smart Transactive Energy Framework in Grid-connected Multiple Home Microgrids under Independent and Coalition Operations”. Submitted to the Elsevier journal, Renewable Energy. Resubmitted Jan. 2018. (IF 4.357)
- Emma S. Hanley (MaREI), Paul Deane (MaREI), Alessandro Chiodi, Brian Ó’ Gallachóir (MaREI), “Insights for Policy Decisions – Short-Term Vs Long-Term Planning; Emission Targets Vs Carbon Budgets”
- Emma S. Hanley (MaREI), Paul Deane (MaREI), Alessandro Chiodi, Brian Ó’ Gallachóir (MaREI) – “Impacts of EU ETS and non-ETS policies on electrification and decarbonisation of electricity for individual EU Member States Energy Policy”, Draft
- Emma S. Hanley (MaREI), Paul Deane (MaREI), Brian Ó’ Gallachóir (MaREI), Joseph DeCarolis (FREEDM) “The Limits to Electrification”
- Xiufeng Yue (MaREI), Steve Pye (MaREI), Francis Li, Joseph DeCarolis (FREEDM), Fionn Rogan (MaREI), Brian Ó Gallachóir (MaREI) A paper entitled “A Review of Approaches to Uncertainty Assessment in Energy System Models” submitted to the Energy Strategy Reviews journal.
- Harold, J., Bertsch, V., Lawrence, T. & Hall. M. (2018) “Drivers of people’s preferences for spatial proximity to energy infrastructure technologies: a cross-country analysis”. Under Review at The Energy Journal.
- Harold, J. (MaREI/ESRI) & Bertsch, V. (MaREI/ESRI) (2018) “A multi-national examination of public acceptance of future electricity generation mixes”.
- Harold, J. (MaREI/ESRI) & Bertsch, V. (MaREI/ESRI) (2018) “Consumer preferences for residential electricity contracts with curtailable demand”.